Epic of Gilgamesh (SBV) is a Prestige, Hero myth originating from the Akkadian belief system. The oldest attested artifact in our index that contains this myth was likely created around 699 BCE. The main deity depicted in this myth is likely Gilgameš. Others include An, Enki, and Enlil.
Gilgamesh is the king of Uruk and has a track record of terrorizing his own people. The people cry out to the supreme deity Anu, who creates a twin of Gilgamesh named Enkidu. Enkidu sets out for Gilgamesh, finds him, and they become friends after a brawl. The two journey together, whereby Enkidu dies. Gilgamesh tries to become an immortal with the help of a plant, but fails. The story ends with Gilgamesh realizing that his destiny is to be a good king to his people.
Akkadian refers to a culture that emerged in Mesopotamia during the third millennium BCE. The belief system included many deities, most of whom were later diffused into Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian culture.
"Standard Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic" is a composite English translation of the Standard Babylonian Version (SBV) of the Epic of Gilgamesh myth. It was published by Andrew R. George in 2000. It runs one hundred print pages and contains almost three thousand lines. While there are twelve cuneiform tablets related to this translation, George chose not to include the twelfth tablet (XII) as it is related to a different myth, among other reasons.
The Epic of Gilgamesh (SBV) is the Standard Babylonian Version of the Epic of Gilgamesh hero and prestige myth. Scholars egenerally concur that this myth is best understood as a series of stories related to the mythical king of Uruk, Gilgamesh; and, the stories were organized together in order to represent a cohesive composition.
The attested date for the myth named 'Epic of Gilgamesh (SBV)' is derived from the oldest artifact we have: K.3375 / Gilgamesh Tablet XI. The creation date for this artifact is a range because the exact date is unknown. We derived this from the source(s) listed below:
Rassam, Hormuzd. Asshur and the Land of Nimrod: Being an Account of the Discoveries Made in the Ancient Ruins of Nineveh, Asshur, Sepharvaim, Calah, Babylon, Borsippa, Cuthah, and Van, Including a Narrative of Different Journeys in Mesopotamia, Assyria, Asia Minor, and Koordistan. New York, NY: Eaton & Mains, 1897.
Smith, George. The Chaldean Account of Genesis: Containing the Description of the Creation, the Fall of Man, the Deluge, the Tower of Babel, the Times of the Patriarchs, and Nimrod: Babylonian Fables, and Legends of the Gods; from the Cuneiform Inscriptions. London, England: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1876.
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