Eridu Genesis is a Creation, Flood myth originating from the Sumerian belief system. The oldest attested artifact in our index that contains this myth was likely created around 1699 BCE. The main deity depicted in this myth is likely Ziusudra. Others include An, Enlil, Inanna, Utu, and Ziusudra.
MediumDigital iconImage date2020CreatorOMNIKA Foundation
In a nutshell
The Sumerian deities An, Enlil, and Enki created the "black headed people," the animals, and assigned the cities among the deities. Eridug was given to Nudimmud, the leader. Ziusudra, a Sumerian king, is told that a flood will sweep over the land: "A decision that the seed of mankind is to be destroyed has been made." This was announced by An and Enlil. A huge boat is constructed and it withstands the rain and wind for seven days and seven nights. When the chaos ended, Utu, the sun deity, showed himself and entered the boat, whereby Ziusudra sacrified oxen and offered sheep to him. As the animals disembarked off of Ziusudra's boat, An and Enlil treated Ziusudra kindly and granted him eternal life in "the land Dilmun" because he preserved the seed of mankind.
Journal article · Thorkild Peter Rudolph Jacobsen · 1981
"Eridu Genesis" provides a partial English translation of a Sumerian creation and flood myth. This 1981 version was written by Thorkild Jacobsen and was where he coined the term "Eridu Genesis." It contains transliteration line numbers in the footnotes and there are many missing segments.
The Eridu Genesis is a Sumerian creation and flood myth which may date back to an oral record of ca. 2800 BCE. The name "Eridu Genesis" seems to have been coined by Thorkild Peter Rudolph Jacobsen in 1981.
The contents of the Eridu Genesis myth come from a single clay cuneiform tablet named B10673. It was first published as plate one in 1914 by Arno Poebel. The tablet is missing its top third.
The attested date for the myth named 'Eridu Genesis' is derived from the oldest artifact we have: B10673. The creation date for this artifact is a range because the exact date is unknown. We derived this from the source(s) listed below:
Black, Jeremy, et al., eds. "ETCSLtranslation : t.1.7.4 : The Flood Story." ETCSL: The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature. The University of Oxford. http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/etcsl.cgi?text=t.1.7.4#. Accessed June 11, 2020.
Jacobsen, Thorkild P. R., trans. "Eridu Genesis: English Translation by Thorkild Jacobsen." In "The Eridu Genesis," 515-525, authored by Thorkild P. R. Jacobsen. Journal of Biblical Literature 100, no. 4 (December 1981): 513–529.
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