Liddell and Scott's Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon is one of the world's most widely used ancient Greek to English dictionaries. It is an abridged version of an earlier publication in 1882. This version is often abbreviated as "LSJ" or the "Middle Liddell" because it is the "medium" sized version (by page count). It contains relevant entries for ancient authors and is widely used to the present day.
This 1889 republication of the 1882 original is regarded as one of the world's most authoritative dictionaries of ancient Greek. It includes some discussion of word usage, citing examples and characteristic phrases. Generally speaking, only words used by late writers and scientific terms have been omitted from the full lexicon. From Homer downwards, to the close of Attic Greek, care has been taken to include all words, as well as those used by Aristotle, Plutarch in his Lives, Polybius, Strabo, Lucian, and the writers of the New Testament.
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Achilles, half man-half deity, fought in the Trojan war for King Agamemnon and quarreled with him over a mistress, among other things. The war featured the Trojans against the Greeks and had lots of action where Achilles was the star. Achilles' close friend Patroclus died at the hands of Hector; consequently, Achilles slaughtered him in order to get his revenge. While not listed in the Iliad, sources say that Achilles suffered his tragic fate at the end of the war by Paris when he was shot with an arrow through the achilles heel. Achilles fulfilled the hero motif of living a short life of glory.
The ancient Greek belief system represents a collection of cultural myths and stories that date back to circa 1300-1200 BCE. Its pantheon of deities were widely known and written about in Greek texts. The Romans...
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Liddell, Henry G., and Robert Scott. An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon: Founded Upon the Seventh Edition of Liddell and Scott's Greek-English Lexicon. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1889.