Richardson supplies a new translation and transcription (which incorporates the most important manuscript variants) of the most famous of all ancient Mesopotamian texts. He also provides a complete lexical analysis of every word that is used in it. The edition covers the prologue and epilogue as well as the laws themselves. Students of the Bible, ancient Near Eastern law and general Semitics are now provided with an indispensable reference tool in a convenient form. The detailed information in the glossary, where the full context of every quotation is given, will also be a tremendous help to those who want to learn or revisit Akkadian.
Source: Author or Publisher
In the prologue, Hammurabi boasts about his intimacy with Marduk while giving him praise. Details about his own accomplishments are also pointed out, especially with respect to the enactment of justice in the world. Next, 282 laws are detailed. Many of them deal with divorce, taxes, medicine, theft, and familial matters. The famous phrase, "an eye for an eye," is also provided. The epilogue explains Hammurabi's authority as an arbiter of justice, as well as his divine authority.
The Babylonian religion was practiced throughout modern-day Iraq and the general near east (Mesopotamia) during antiquity. Its chief deity was Marduk.
Marduk (Akkadian: 𒀭𒀫𒌓) was a patron deity chiefly associated with ancient Babylon.
It looks like only the main myth was referenced in this work.
Belief systems cited
Basalt Stele (Monument)
The title primarily deals with this artifact.
It looks like only the main artifact was referenced in this work.
Website · 2021
The Electronic Hammurbi website provides a digital version of the Law Code of Hammurabi; and includes the cuneiform signs, transliteration, normalization into Akkadian (Old Babylonian), and an English translation derived chiefly from Huehnergard's standard Akkadian grammar. The website was created by Boban Dedović on February 2021 while he was studying Mesopotamian Law at the University of Chicago, and is operated by the OMNIKA Foundation, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit based in Las Vegas, NV.
Book · 2004
Author · Translator · Main contributor
Cite this workChicago
Richardson, Mervyn E.J. Hammurabi's Laws: Text, Translation and Glossary. New York, NY: T & T Clark International, 2004.