This page contains mythological data categorized as proto, which is highly speculative, disputed, or subject to rapid change.
The 'proto-' prefix comes from the ancient Greek prefix πρωτο-. It means first, original, primary, or archaic.a In the case of this record, proto- also means that the item in question is not well-understood or lacking academic consensus.
What this means: The information is highly speculative or understood as accurate by a minority of scholars
Why this is the case: The information listed is usually disputed amongst scholars, and generally lacking in written records or scholarly treatment
Why it matters: Data and findings listed here may be considered 'fringe theories' or may otherwise be replaced by more credible data in the future
Why it's included at all: We included this record because our internal data point signals suggest that this record, author, or direction is promising for future scholarly consensus (which is just a guess)
It's probably not safe to rely on these data as facts or certainties. If referencing them for scholarly works, we recommend prefacing data with indeterminate modifiers such as 'some evidence may suggest that . . .' or 'one interpretation by [scholar name] indicates . . .', and so forth.
a Georg Autenrieth and Robert P. Keep, trans., A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges: Based Upon the German of Dr. Georg Autenrieth (New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1891), 245 launch.
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About this deity
The Minoan 'Mother Goddess' Proto-Deity is an artistic motif found in Bronze Age ruins of the Minoan culture in modern-day Crete, Greece.
The Minoan 'Mother Goddess' Proto-Deity is not a formally recognized deity in Minoan culture, but an artistic motif found in Bronze Age ruins of modern-day Crete, Greece. The divine figure identified as a 'Mother Goddess' has been widely cited in not just Minoan culture, but also in Anatolian,Egyptian, Ancient Greek, and Hittite religious customs. The motif of a female deity is also commonly found in material culture throughout Crete, particularly at the palaces of Knossos and Phaistos.
Evans, Arthur J. Scripta Minoa: The Written Documents of Minoan Crete with Special Reference to the Archives of Knossos. Vol. 1, The Hieroglyphic and Primitive Linear Classes. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1909.
Evans, Arthur J. The Palace of Minos / Vol. I: A Comparative Account of the Successive Stages of the early Cretan Civilization as Illustrated by the Discoveries at Knossos. Vol. 1, The Neolithic and Early and Middle Minoan Ages. London, England: Macmillan and Co., 1921.
Evans, Arthur J. The Palace of Minos / Vol. III: A Comparative Account of the Successive Stages of the early Cretan Civilization as Illustrated by the Discoveries at Knossos. Vol. 3, The Great Transitional Age in the Northern and Eastern Sections of the Palace... [etc.]. London, England: Macmillan and Co., 1930.
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