Gilgamesh, Enkidu, and the Netherworld is a Afterlife myth originating from the Sumerian belief system. The main deity depicted in this myth is likely Gilgameš. Others include An, Anzû, Enki, Enkidu, Enlil, Ereškigal, Inanna, and Utu.
While Enki was saling, the south wind uprooted a single ḫalub tree on the bank of the Euphrates river. A woman found it, planted it in Inanna's garden, and watered it by only using her feet; it grew massive after ten years. Inanna wanted to use it for a chair, but its bark would not break. Inanna cried and asked her brother, Gilgameš, to do it. Gilgameš cut the tree with his strength and also made a powerful mallet from its branches. During a game, both the ball and the mallet fell down into the netherworld. When Gilgameš could not recover items, his servant Enkidu offered to retrieve it. Enkidu became trapped there. Gilgameš asked Enki and Enlil to rescue Enkidu, but without success. Utu, however, obliged and made a hole for Enkidu to return. Gilgameš rejoiced and asked Enkidu how different kinds of people fare in the netherworld, ending the poem.
"Gilgameš, Enkidu and the Nether World" (ETCSL 18.104.22.168; Version A) provides a complete English translation of a Sumerian afterlife myth. The main actors are Gilgameš and his servant Enkidu. Version A is contained in one long segment consisting of 303 lines. In this Sumerian version, it is not explicitly stated that Enkidu dies or is a ghost when he returns from the netherworld.
Black, Jeremy, et al., eds. "ETCSLtranslation : t.22.214.171.124 : Gilgameš, Enkidu and the nether world [Version A]." ETCSL: The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature. The University of Oxford. http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk/cgi-bin/etcsl.cgi?text=t.126.96.36.199#. Accessed June 15, 2020.
Black, Jeremy, Graham Cunningham, Jarle Ebeling, Esther Flückiger-Hawker, et al., eds. ETCSL: The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature. Oxford, UK: The University of Oxford. http://etcsl.orinst.ox.ac.uk. Accessed June 11, 2020.
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